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Lessons by Nelli Numminen

+2 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

DEMOCRACY

  • Meaning of the word is literally "rule by the people" and it comes from Greek language
  • Democracy is a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and they can exercise it both directly and indirectly
    • DIRECT DEMOCRACY:
      • Pure democracy
      • The public participates in government directly, there is no intermediary in the decisions 
    • INDIRECT DEMOCRACY:
      • Democracy thru representatives
      • Developed during the Middle Ages and the Enlightenment
      • Nearly all modern Western-style democracies function as some type of representative democracy
      • The power of the representatives is usually curtailed by the constitution or other measures

DEMOCRACY HAS COME TO IMPLY:

  • Universal suffrage 
  • Competition for office 
  • Freedom of speech and the press
  • The rule of law 

After reading watch this video by Knowledgia and learn more about democracy



+3 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

DEMOCRACY

  • Meaning of the word is literally "rule by the people" and it comes from Greek language
  • Democracy is a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and they can exercise it both directly and indirectly
    • DIRECT DEMOCRACY:
      • Pure democracy
      • The public participates in government directly, there is no intermediary in the decisions 
    • INDIRECT DEMOCRACY:
      • Democracy thru representatives
      • Developed during the Middle Ages and the Enlightenment
      • Nearly all modern Western-style democracies function as some type of representative democracy
      • The power of the representatives is usually curtailed by the constitution or other measures

DEMOCRACY HAS COME TO IMPLY:

  • Universal suffrage 
  • Competition for office 
  • Freedom of speech and the press
  • The rule of law 

After reading watch this video by Knowledgia and learn more about democracy



+3 votes
Lesson created In 7-9

SOCIAL MEDIA

  • Social media has become a big part of our everyday life 
    • It can be either beneficial or harmful, depending on how you use it
  • Social media creates opportunities to:
    • Keep in touch with friends and family
    • Network and find different career opportunities 
    • Connect with people around the world who has the same interests
    • Share your own thoughts and feelings about life 

REMEMBER THESE WHEN USING SOCIAL MEDIA:

  • Everything that you post will stay on the internet forever even though you might delete it by yourself
    • Always think twice before posting a picture or an opinion on some matter because it might end up somewhere else than where you initially posted it
  • Take time to go thru and read the terms of agreement so that you know what you are signing up for
  • Respect other people's privacy and don't post any pictures without their consent 
  • Use privacy settings and only accept contacts that you know 
  • It is against the law to hack, steal or illegally download other people's pictures or property online
  • One of the most important rules on social media is to take responsibility on your own actions and words
    • Online bullying is a real issue that can harm other people and even lead to a police investigation 

Watch this video by watchwellcast and take notes on how to use social media/the internet safely! 



+3 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

HOW TO SEARCH INFORMATION

  • Define your topic and consider it from many different aspects
  • Try to consider the main keywords and central concept of your idea 
  • Learn how to use different search services 
  • Combine your keywords by commands AND, OR & NOT and use capital letters when doing this

EVALUATE AND BE CRITICAL: 

  • An essential part of any research is to critically evaluate the information that is found
  • Focus on these things when searching information: 
    • Relevance; Is this site relevant for my needs?
    • Accuracy; When was the information on the site updated, where can I check the accuracy?
    • Perspective; Is this only one side of the issue or are there multiple perspectives provided?
    • Reliability; Who created this information, what is his/her expertise?

HOW TO PROCESS INFORMATION FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES:

  • Decide what sources you want to use: 
    • Primary sources:
      • Original materials that provide direct information on the subject
      • Contemporary sources that were created when the event happened (newspaper articles)
      • Primary sources may be published or unpublished 
    • Secondary sources:
      • Interpret and discuss the evidence provided by the primary sources
      • Secondary sources are usually second-hand knowledge or observation
    • Tertiary sources:
      • Books or articles that summarize the information from primary and secondary sources
      • Provides background knowledge on the topic
  • It is important to evaluate, compare and combine information from different sources so that the sources are suitable for your own work and the topic that you have chosen 
  • REMEMBER TO MARK THE REFERENCES! 

Five tips on how to improve your critical thinking by TED-Ed 



+2 votes
Lesson created In 7-9

CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

  • Convention on the Rights of a Child is made by the United Nations and it includes all the children under the age of 18
  • The Convention has 54 articles that explain the rights of the children 
  • The Convention has four basic principles: 
    • No discrimination 
    • Paying attention for the benefit of the children
    • The right to live and to evolve 
    • Respecting the views of a child 
  • The Convention on the Rights of a Child is the most ratified human rights treaty
    • It was ratified in 1989

FIVE PARTS ON THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGTHS OF A CHILD:

Article 1:

  • For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

Article 3:

  1. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be primary consideration.
  2. States Parties undertake to ensure the child such protection and care as is necessary for his or her well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and to this end shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures.
  3. States Parties shall ensure that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for the care or protection of children shall conform with the standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of safety, health, in the number and suitability of their staff, as well as competent supervision.

Article 6:

  1. States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life 
  2. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child 

Article 33:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislative, administrative, social and educational measures, to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the relevant international treaties, and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances. 

Article 39:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of: any form of neglect, exploitation, or abuse; torture or any other form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; or armed conflicts. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child. 

Watch this video by acyoNSW and learn more about your rights as a child! 



0 votes
Lesson created In 7-9

CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

  • Convention on the Rights of a Child is made by the United Nations and it includes all the children under the age of 18
  • The Convention has 54 articles that explain the rights of the children 
  • The Convention has four basic principles: 
    • No discrimination 
    • Paying attention for the benefit of the children
    • The right to live and to evolve 
    • Respecting the views of a child 
  • The Convention on the Rights of a Child is the most ratified human rights treaty
    • It was ratified in 1989

FIVE PARTS ON THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGTHS OF A CHILD:

Article 1:

  • For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

Article 3:

  1. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be primary consideration.
  2. States Parties undertake to ensure the child such protection and care as is necessary for his or her well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and to this end shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures.
  3. States Parties shall ensure that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for the care or protection of children shall conform with the standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of safety, health, in the number and suitability of their staff, as well as competent supervision.

Article 6:

  1. States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life 
  2. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child 

Article 33:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislative, administrative, social and educational measures, to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the relevant international treaties, and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances. 

Article 39:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of: any form of neglect, exploitation, or abuse; torture or any other form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; or armed conflicts. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child. 

Watch this video by acyoNSW and learn more about your rights as a child! 



+1 vote
Lesson created In 4-6

FAMILY

  • Family has a huge impact on our wellbeing, especially when we are at a young age 
  • Having a close relationship with your parents and the fact that they are interested in your personal life and overall wellbeing are factors that protect you later on in life 
  • Typically we think that a family is a set of parents and their children
    • Family can also be a one-person household or a household that has many different generations living together
  • The definition of a family depends on who you ask 
    • Check out this video by AIFStv and learn different ways to define your family 
  • Families can be defined to:
    • Nuclear families
    • Stepfamilies
    • Single-parent families
    • Adoptive families
    • Same sex families

What family types we have?

By Wallace Fernando 



+2 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

ANTIQUITY

  • The Antiquity is also known as the Ancient Era
    • It started about 3000 BC and lasted approximately to the mid 400 CE
  • Watch these the three videos (all by: National Geographic) below and learn about the important civilizations the Ancient Era

ANCIENT EGYPT 101:

ANCIENT ROME 101: 

ANCIENT GREECE 101:



+2 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

ANTIQUITY

  • The Antiquity is also known as the Ancient Era
    • It started about 3000 BC and lasted approximately to the mid 400 CE
  • Watch these the three videos (all by: National Geographic) below and learn about the important civilizations the Ancient Era

ANCIENT EGYPT 101:

ANCIENT ROME 101: 

ANCIENT GREECE 101:



+2 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

ANTIQUITY

  • The Antiquity is also known as the Ancient Era
    • It started about 3000 BC and lasted approximately to the mid 400 CE
  • Watch these the three videos (all by: National Geographic) below and learn about the important civilizations the Ancient Era

ANCIENT EGYPT 101:

ANCIENT ROME 101: 

ANCIENT GREECE 101:



+3 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

ANTIQUITY

  • The Antiquity is also known as the Ancient Era
    • It started about 3000 BC and lasted approximately to the mid 400 CE
  • Watch these the three videos (all by: National Geographic) below and learn about the important civilizations the Ancient Era

ANCIENT EGYPT 101:

ANCIENT ROME 101: 

ANCIENT GREECE 101:



0 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

QUICKLY ABOUT INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN GENERAL

  • Industrial revolution marks the period of development that transformed rural societies into industrialized, urban ones
  • Goods that had been previously crafted by hand started to be produced in mass quantities by machines in factories 
  • Steam power was the "game-changing" invention that started the Industrial Revolution from Britain

SECOND PERIOD OF INDUSTRIALIZATION

  • From the late 19th to early 20th century cities began to grow 
  • Rapid advances such as creation of steel, chemicals and electricity helped to mass produce consumer goods and weapons 
  • People started to move around with trains, cars and bicycles 
  • News spread via papers, radio and telegraph 
  • Industrial growth created wealthy entrepreneurs and comfortable middle class supported by workers who were mainly immigrants 

By Simple History

What do you think was the most important invention during Industrial Revolution?



+1 vote
Lesson created In 7-9

UNITED NATIONS 

  • United Nations is an international organization that was founded in 1945
  • It was founded because the world wanted and needed peace after World War II
  • It took approximately two months to first draft and sign the UN Charter, which created the United Nations
    • The main goal was to prevent another world war
  • Four months after the first conference, the United Nations officially began (24.10.1945)
  • When it was first founded it had 50 member states, today the number of member states is 193
    • All of these member states have agreed to climate action in order to limit global warming

Main goals for the United Nations:

  • Maintain peace and security
  • Give humanitarian assistance 
  • Protect human rights
  • Uphold international laws 
  • Achieve a more sustainable future

The main parts of the United Nations are:

  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council 
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The UN Secretariat 

Watch this informative video by RMIT University and learn even more! 



0 votes
Lesson created In 7-9

UNITED NATIONS 

  • United Nations is an international organization that was founded in 1945
  • It was founded because the world wanted and needed peace after World War II
  • It took approximately two months to first draft and sign the UN Charter, which created the United Nations
    • The main goal was to prevent another world war
  • Four months after the first conference, the United Nations officially began (24.10.1945)
  • When it was first founded it had 50 member states, today the number of member states is 193
    • All of these member states have agreed to climate action in order to limit global warming

Main goals for the United Nations:

  • Maintain peace and security
  • Give humanitarian assistance 
  • Protect human rights
  • Uphold international laws 
  • Achieve a more sustainable future

The main parts of the United Nations are:

  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council 
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The UN Secretariat 

Watch this informative video by RMIT University and learn even more! 



+2 votes
Lesson created In 7-9

UNITED NATIONS 

  • United Nations is an international organization that was founded in 1945
  • It was founded because the world wanted and needed peace after World War II
  • It took approximately two months to first draft and sign the UN Charter, which created the United Nations
    • The main goal was to prevent another world war
  • Four months after the first conference, the United Nations officially began (24.10.1945)
  • When it was first founded it had 50 member states, today the number of member states is 193
    • All of these member states have agreed to climate action in order to limit global warming

Main goals for the United Nations:

  • Maintain peace and security
  • Give humanitarian assistance 
  • Protect human rights
  • Uphold international laws 
  • Achieve a more sustainable future

The main parts of the United Nations are:

  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council 
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The UN Secretariat 

Watch this informative video by RMIT University and learn even more! 



0 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

MIGRATION

Background information:

  • Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another
  • The patterns of movement reflect the current conditions of the world and the cultural landscapes
  • The first migrants were ancient humans who originated in Africa and spread to Eurasia 
    • Most likely these migrants were driven by climate and food factors

Types of human migration:

  • Internal migration: moving within a country or a city
  • External migration: moving to a different country or continent 
  • Emigration: leaving one country so that you can move to another one
  • Immigration: moving into a new country
  • Return migration: moving back to where you moved from originally
  • Seasonal migration: moving to another place because of climate conditions or labor response

Reasons for migration:

  • Lack of basic necessities 
  • War & terrorism 
  • Human rights violations
  • Nature disasters 
  • State of the economy
  • People can also move to another place because of a better climate or more work opportunities 

Check out this video by CrashCourse to find out more! 



+1 vote
Lesson created In 10-12

MIGRATION

Background information:

  • Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another
  • The patterns of movement reflect the current conditions of the world and the cultural landscapes
  • The first migrants were ancient humans who originated in Africa and spread to Eurasia 
    • Most likely these migrants were driven by climate and food factors

Types of human migration:

  • Internal migration: moving within a country or a city
  • External migration: moving to a different country or continent 
  • Emigration: leaving one country so that you can move to another one
  • Immigration: moving into a new country
  • Return migration: moving back to where you moved from originally
  • Seasonal migration: moving to another place because of climate conditions or labor response

Reasons for migration:

  • Lack of basic necessities 
  • War & terrorism 
  • Human rights violations
  • Nature disasters 
  • State of the economy
  • People can also move to another place because of a better climate or more work opportunities 

Check out this video by CrashCourse to find out more! 



+1 vote
Lesson created In 10-12

MIGRATION

Background information:

  • Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another
  • The patterns of movement reflect the current conditions of the world and the cultural landscapes
  • The first migrants were ancient humans who originated in Africa and spread to Eurasia 
    • Most likely these migrants were driven by climate and food factors

Types of human migration:

  • Internal migration: moving within a country or a city
  • External migration: moving to a different country or continent 
  • Emigration: leaving one country so that you can move to another one
  • Immigration: moving into a new country
  • Return migration: moving back to where you moved from originally
  • Seasonal migration: moving to another place because of climate conditions or labor response

Reasons for migration:

  • Lack of basic necessities 
  • War & terrorism 
  • Human rights violations
  • Nature disasters 
  • State of the economy
  • People can also move to another place because of a better climate or more work opportunities 

Check out this video by CrashCourse to find out more! 



0 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

MIGRATION

Background information:

  • Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another
  • The patterns of movement reflect the current conditions of the world and the cultural landscapes
  • The first migrants were ancient humans who originated in Africa and spread to Eurasia 
    • Most likely these migrants were driven by climate and food factors

Types of human migration:

  • Internal migration: moving within a country or a city
  • External migration: moving to a different country or continent 
  • Emigration: leaving one country so that you can move to another one
  • Immigration: moving into a new country
  • Return migration: moving back to where you moved from originally
  • Seasonal migration: moving to another place because of climate conditions or labor response

Reasons for migration:

  • Lack of basic necessities 
  • War & terrorism 
  • Human rights violations
  • Nature disasters 
  • State of the economy
  • People can also move to another place because of a better climate or more work opportunities 

Check out this video by CrashCourse to find out more! 



+2 votes
Lesson created In 10-12

MIGRATION

Background information:

  • Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another
  • The patterns of movement reflect the current conditions of the world and the cultural landscapes
  • The first migrants were ancient humans who originated in Africa and spread to Eurasia 
    • Most likely these migrants were driven by climate and food factors

Types of human migration:

  • Internal migration: moving within a country or a city
  • External migration: moving to a different country or continent 
  • Emigration: leaving one country so that you can move to another one
  • Immigration: moving into a new country
  • Return migration: moving back to where you moved from originally
  • Seasonal migration: moving to another place because of climate conditions or labor response

Reasons for migration:

  • Lack of basic necessities 
  • War & terrorism 
  • Human rights violations
  • Nature disasters 
  • State of the economy
  • People can also move to another place because of a better climate or more work opportunities 

Check out this video by CrashCourse to find out more! 



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