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In 7-9 by Guru (7.4k)  

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by Guru (7.4k)  

CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

  • Convention on the Rights of a Child is made by the United Nations and it includes all the children under the age of 18
  • The Convention has 54 articles that explain the rights of the children 
  • The Convention has four basic principles: 
    • No discrimination 
    • Paying attention for the benefit of the children
    • The right to live and to evolve 
    • Respecting the views of a child 
  • The Convention on the Rights of a Child is the most ratified human rights treaty
    • It was ratified in 1989

FIVE PARTS ON THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGTHS OF A CHILD:

Article 1:

  • For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

Article 3:

  1. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be primary consideration.
  2. States Parties undertake to ensure the child such protection and care as is necessary for his or her well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and to this end shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures.
  3. States Parties shall ensure that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for the care or protection of children shall conform with the standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of safety, health, in the number and suitability of their staff, as well as competent supervision.

Article 6:

  1. States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life 
  2. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child 

Article 33:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislative, administrative, social and educational measures, to protect children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as defined in the relevant international treaties, and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances. 

Article 39:

  • States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victim of: any form of neglect, exploitation, or abuse; torture or any other form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; or armed conflicts. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child. 

Watch this video by acyoNSW and learn more about your rights as a child! 



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by Guru (7.4k)  

HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Declaration of the Human Rights is a significant milestone in the history of human rights
    • It was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10th of December 1948 as a common standard for all people and nations 
    • The Declaration has 30 articles in it, below you can learn five of them

FIVE PARTS OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS:

Article 2:

  • Everyone in entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sew, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. 

Article 3: 

  • Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person

Article 5:

  • No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 

Article 16:

  1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
  2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses
  3. The family is the neutral and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State 

Article 19:

  • Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

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